Saturday, August 29, 2009

Un compendio de errores y engaños, por Gregorio Peces-Barba

En nuestra vida política hay sin duda muchos aciertos. En el Gobierno, señalaría la política social, el apoyo a los más débiles y la política internacional, con una creciente presencia de nuestro país y del presidente en el exterior. Sin duda es una obra colectiva, pero con un protagonismo especial de la política discreta y paciente del ministro Moratinos. En el Partido Popular ha sido un indudable acierto su apoyo generoso y abierto para favorecer la existencia del Gobierno constitucionalista de Patxi López. Junto a esas valoraciones positivas como ejemplo de lo bueno de la política española, hay errores y engaños que ensombrecen y debilitan las buenas actuaciones.
Si empezamos por un elenco de esos posibles fallos, podríamos enumerar algunos muy significativos y relevantes. Empiezo por el desprecio a la legalidad de grupos políticos catalanes, excepto el PP, que amenazan y desautorizan a priori el resultado que produzca la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional sobre la reforma del Estatuto de Cataluña, demostrando una inmadurez, una ignorancia, una falta de rigor e incluso una tendencia a la prevaricación que les descalifica. Su desprecio al Alto Tribunal es un desprecio a las reglas del juego limpio, e ignorancia y mala fe sobre nuestro sistema constitucional. Beneficiarse de él cuando creen que favorece y descalificarlo cuando creen que perjudica es mezquino y expresa una falta de rigor y de grandeza.
Del lado del PP es insólita su huida hacia delante lanzando improperios y acusaciones gravísimas e infundadas, porque no aparece intención de probarlas ni de presentar pruebas que las fundamenten. Es un gratuito "¡Viva Cartagena!" que convierte a sus dirigentes en lanzadores de palabras sin sentido, al usar el lenguaje más allá de los límites en los que es significativo. Wittgenstein, en sus Philosophical Investigations, identificará certeramente esos comportamientos en los que el lenguaje "se va de vacaciones y empieza a operar locamente, como una turbina que girase en el aire fuera de sus engranajes".
Así veo intervenciones como las de la señora Cospedal y el señor Arenas y, lo que es más grave, ratificadas por el señor Rajoy. Lanzar "la lengua a paseo" es irresponsable: expresa una categoría ínfima y poca grandeza. Es la patología del "fiat iustitia et pereat mundus", es no valorar las consecuencias ni los daños que producen esos catastrofismos proféticos fuera de cualquier racionalidad. No irán muy lejos por ese camino ni contribuirán a ocultar los numerosos casos de corrupción que les afectan.
En el debe de los socialistas están, a mi juicio, unas valoraciones muy desacertadas e inexactas del ministro de Justicia, que me gustaría atribuir más a despiste que a ignorancia, casi imposible en un profesor de Derecho Constitucional como Francisco Caamaño. Me sorprendió que dijera, en declaraciones veraniegas a la prensa, que la no participación de médicos u otros facultativos en la realización de interrupciones voluntarias del embarazo, no podía ser objeción de conciencia sino desobediencia civil, y que el reconocimiento de una objeción de conciencia sólo puede provenir de la Constitución o de la ley, supongo que se refería a ley orgánica.
Reconozco que me desconcertaron afirmaciones tan categóricas y al tiempo tan faltas de fundamento. No puede desconocer que en la despenalización del aborto vigente (por la aprobación de un nuevo artículo bis del Código Penal) no la ley, pero sí el último fundamento jurídico de la sentencia que resolvió el recurso de 50 parlamentarios del PP, reconoció la objeción de conciencia de médicos y otros sanitarios que se negasen a intervenir en el proceso. Esta excusa para no obedecer una obligación general está vigente y se aplica con normalidad. Igualmente sorprendente fue la afirmación de que sólo la Constitución y la ley podían crear la objeción de conciencia, cuando hemos visto que el mismo caso desmiente su afirmación y señala una laguna, producto de un olvido o de un desconocimiento.
En ambos casos me inquieta la situación, que extiendo a otros problemas referentes al mismo proyecto. Por un lado me gustaría que no se consumase el error de evitar la consulta (no la autorización) a los padres, que ayudaría a impedir tensiones e incomunicaciones familiares innecesarias. Por otro lado, si el desconocimiento de la sentencia señalada es más general, me inquieta que en ella se reconocieran derechos al nasciturus y que no se haya pensado en solucionar el tema en una ley de plazos, donde en el periodo general de autorización para interrumpir el embarazo quedarían en suspenso y sin efecto los "derechos del nasciturus".
Además, parece que el ministro de Justicia, en su anterior condición, negoció la reforma del Estatuto Catalán, aunque bajo el criterio presidencial de que "lo que aprobéis en Cataluña lo aprobaremos en Madrid". Como este tema tiene sus claroscuros y sus interpretaciones pluriformes, quizás debieron cuidarse más los temas de constitucionalidad en origen, para evitar que quede mucho tajo para el Tribunal Constitucional.
En la preferencia del presidente del Gobierno de la juventud sobre la experiencia, está quizás el error más de fondo que ha podido propiciar estos lodos. Exilios externos como los de Jáuregui o López Aguilar, o internos como el de Jesús Quijano o Caldera, tienen sin duda mucho que ver con la bisoñez con la que se toman algunas decisiones.



Gregorio Peces-Barba Martínez es catedrático de Filosofía del Derecho en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Publicado en El País (Madrid), 29/8/2009

Thursday, August 13, 2009

Interpretación y Filosofía analítica del Derecho



Riccardo Guastini,
Nuovi studi sull'interpretazione
Aracne, Roma, 2009,
180 pp.
(Studi di filosofia analitica del diritto ; 3)
ISBN: 8854822647
ISBN-13: 9788854822641

Il volume raccoglie nove studi sull'interpretazione giuridica. Alcuni di essi illustrano i problemi caratteristici dell'interpretazione dei testi normativi e analizzano talune ideologie e tecniche interpretative diffuse nella pratica dei giuristi, disegnando così le linee fondamentali di una teoria generale dell'interpretazione di orientamento realistico. Altri sono dedicati alla critica delle concezioni formalistiche rivali. Un capitolo, in particolare, analizza il concetto di principio e i peculiari problemi di applicazione (concretizzazione e bilanciamento) propri dei principi costituzionali. Un altro vuole mostrare la complessità dell'interpretazione costituzionale prendendo ad esempio una clausola particolarmente problematica della costituzione vigente (quella relativi ai diritti inviolabili).

Riccardo Guastini. Director of the Department of Legal Culture "Giovanni Tarello" at the University of Genoa, he is professor of philosophy of law, theory of interpretation and general theory of law. Co-founder and director of legal philosophical journals such as: Ragion Pratica, e Analisi e diritto; Professor Guastini has been a visiting professor at the University Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona), Cardozo School of Law (New York), the University of Paris X - Nanterre, and Institut des Hautes Études Internationales (Paris). He is the author of: Dalle fonti alle norme (1992); Le fonti del diritto e l'interpretazione (1993), Teoria e dogmatica delle fonti (1998); L'interpretazione dei documenti normativi (2004). He has also participated in the book Un diálogo con la teoría del derecho de Eugenio Bulygin (2007) published in the Marcial Pons' Philosophy and Law collection.

Friday, August 07, 2009

Hechos y verdad judicial.




Michele Taruffo
La semplice verità. Il giudice e la costruzione dei fatti
Laterza, Bari – Roma, 2009,
318 pp
Serie Sagittari Laterza
ISBN: 884209000X
ISBN 13: 9788842090007


La semplice verità. Il giudice e la costruzione dei fatti de Michele Taruffo Il volume parte da un assunto forte: il raggiungimento della verità nel processo giudiziario è possibile, opportuno ed essenziale. Più propriamente: in ogni tipo di processo la scoperta della verità è una condizione necessaria di giustizia della decisione, in particolare nei sistemi che si ispirano al principio di legalità e a una concezione democratica del potere. Michele Taruffo illustra e giustifica questa tesi affrontandola da diverse prospettive. Dopo un approfondimento di carattere storico, discute le caratteristiche delle "narrazioni" dipanate nel corso del processo dai diversi partecipanti - avvocati, testimoni, parti in causa - e sottolinea l'importanza della ricostruzione finale dei fatti elaborata dal giudice e posta a fondamento della sua decisione. La coerenza e veridicità di quel racconto, e soprattutto l'esposizione della motivazione che l'ha prodotto, sono garanzia essenziale di una giustizia che sia veramente giusta. Il tema della verità giudiziaria viene poi affrontato discutendo le tesi che ne negano la possibilità o la rilevanza, e mostrando come essa sia invece un presupposto indispensabile per la corretta applicazione della legge.
Michele Taruffo. Conferencia en Morelia. México, junio 2009

Wednesday, August 05, 2009

Pop Law, 2005-2008



Michael Freeman (ed.)
Law and popular culture
Oxford University Press
Oxford ; New York, 2005
xv, 696 p.
(Series: Current Legal Issues)
ISBN-13: 9780199272235


This is a collection of essays which explores the ways in which law interacts with and is represented in popular culture. In common with earlier volumes in the Current Legal Issues series, it seeks both a theoretical and methodological focus. This volume covers a broad range of issues. It is divided into nine parts which cover introductory themes; law as represented in the cinema and television; law as represented in novels; law and music; popular representations of crime and punishment; law, sexuality and popular culture; human rights and popular culture; the cultural phenomena of the mall and the franchise; and lawyering in popular culture.
Michael Freeman is Professor of English Law at University College London

Table of Contents
Law in popular culture, 1
Law and film studies: autonomy and theory, 21
Where the wild things really are: children's literature and the law, 47
The absence of contradiction and the contradiction of absence: law, ethics and the Holocaust, 71
Law's enchantment: the cinematic jurisprudence of Krzysztof Kieslowski, 87
When celluloid lawyers started to speak: exploring juriscinema's first golden age, 109
Emergency! : send a TV show to rescue paramedic services!, 130
Procedural unfairness in real and film trials: why do audiences understand stories placed in foreign legal systems?, 148
Military justice in American film and television drama: starting points for ideological
criticism, 160
Courtroom sketching: reflections on history, law and the image, 173
What movies can teach law students, 183
Popular fiction and domestic law: East Lynne, justice, and the 'ordeal of the undecidable', 197
Law's agent: cultivated citizen or popular savage?: the Crash of the moral mirror, 212
Law's diabolical romance: reflections on a new jurisprudence of the sublime, 226
Re-imagining the practice of law: popular twentieth-century fiction
by American lawyer/authors, 243
The materiality of symbols: J. G. Ballard and jurisprudence: law, image, reproduction, 273
L'oeuil qui Pense: the emotive as grounds for the pensive in phenomenological reflection, 291
Doing time and doing it in style, 303
Why law needs pop: global law and global music?, 316
Badfells: movie psychos, popular culture, and law, 339
Reel violence: popular culture and concerns about capital punishment in
contemporary American society, 358
Public and private eyes, 375
Seeing blind spots: corporate misconduct in film and law, 385
Repressed memory revisited: popular culture's impact on the law - psychotherapy debate, 404
What law cannot give: From the queen to the chief executive, 425
It's about this: lesbians, prison, desire, 449
'Juliet and Juliet would be more my cup of tea' sexuality, law and popular culture, 470
Image as evidence and mediation: the experience of the Nuremberg trials, 491
Film, culture and accountability for human rights abuses, 504
Science fiction as a world tribunal, 520
Neoliberalism, shopping malls and the end of 'property'?, 537
'Do you want fries with that?': the franchise as a cultural and legal phenomenon, 560
Legal negotiation in popular culture: what are we bargaining for?, 583
Popular culture and the American adversarial ideology, 606
The double meaning of law: does it matter if film lawyers are unethical?, 638
Adaptation: what post-conviction relief practitioners in death penalty cases might learn from popular storytellers about narrative persuasion, 651
Narrative determination and the figure of the judge, 677




William P. MacNeil
Lex. Populi. The Jurisprudence of Popular Culture
Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif.
2007, XIV+ 241 pp.
(Series: Stanford Law Books Cultural Lives of Law)
ISBN-10: 0804753679
ISBN-13: 9780804753678

This is a book about jurisprudence—or legal philosophy. The legal philosophical texts under consideration are—to say the least—unorthodox. Tolkien, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Harry Potter, Million Dollar Baby, and other cultural products are all referenced as exemplary instances of what the author calls lex populi—“people’s” or “pop law.” There, more than anywhere else, will one find the leading issues of legal philosophy. These issues, however, are heavily coded, for few of these pop cultural texts announce themselves as expressly legal. Nonetheless, Lex Populi reads these texts “jurisprudentially,” that is, with an eye to their hidden legal philosophical meanings, enabling connections such as: Tolkien’s Ring as Kelsen’s grundnorm; vampire slaying as legal language’s semiosis; Hogwarts as substantively unjust; and a seriously injured young woman as termination’s rights-bearer. In so doing, Lex Populi attempts not only a jurisprudential reading of popular culture, but a popular rereading of jurisprudence, removing it from the legal experts in order to restore it to the public at large: a lex populi by and for the people.
William P. MacNeil is Associate Professor of Law at Griffith University
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments xi
List of Abbreviations xv
Introduction: Toward an Intertextual Jurisprudence 1
Kidlit as Law 'n Lit: Harry Potter and the Scales of Justice 11
You Slay Me! Buffy as Jurisprude of Desire 28
"The First Rule of Fight Club Is-You Do Not Talk About Fight Club!" The Perverse Core of Legal Positivism 44
One Recht to Rule Them All! Law's Empire in the Age of Empire 61
Precrime Never Pays! Law and Economics in Minority Report 80
Critically Blonde: Law School as Training for Hersteria 97
"It's the Vibe!" The Common Law Imaginary Down Under 116
Million Dollar Terri: "The Culture of Life" and the Right to Die 132
Conclusion: Whither Lex Populi? A Law by and for the People 155
Notes 161
References 207
Index 233



David Ray Papke, Christina A. Corcos, Melissa Cole Essig, Peter H. Huang, et al.
Law and popular culture : text, notes, and questions
LexisNexis Matthew Bender,
Newark, NJ, 2007, xxxiii, 543 pp.
[+ teacher’s manual & 2 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)]
ISBN10: 1422411664
ISBN13: 9781422411667

The United States is the world’s most legalistic nation not only because of its laws, lawyers, and courts but also due to the amount, variety, and appeal of its law-related popular culture. This large body of materials and experiences profoundly affects what Americans expect from their legal institutions and government. Indeed, might it be true that pop cultural law is more important in shaping the lay public’s assumptions and expectations than are actual laws and real-life courtroom proceedings?
Law and Popular Culture is the first classroom text to examine the full range of American law-related popular culture. Designed primarily for law school use, the text examines the most influential pop cultural media—film, radio, television, and inexpensive fiction—but each of the text’s 14 chapters begins with a list of five readily available Hollywood films that are relevant to that particular chapter. Instructors might screen selections from these lists in conjunction with their courses. After an introduction to the study of popular culture and an outline of the text’s goals, the chapters themselves fall into two categories. Half concern the pop cultural portrayals of legal institutions and actors—law schools, the legal profession, clients, witnesses, judges, and juries. The second half concern assorted areas of law—Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, and Torts from the first-year curriculum and Business Law, Family Law, International Law, and Military Law from standard upper-level electives. Instructors might use the text at the pace of one chapter per week for an entire semester or pick and expand upon selected chapters as they think best.
Overall, Law and Popular Culture underscores and scrutinizes the immense role popular culture plays in shaping the American legal consciousness. Teachers and students alike can use the text to explore what Americans expect from their law and legal institutions while at the same time honing their understanding of law and of the meaning of justice under law.


Richard McMahon (ed.)
Crime, law and popular culture in Europe, 1500-1900
Willan, Cullompton, Devon, UK ; Portland, OR, 2008
ISBN10: 1843921197
ISBN13: 9781843921196

This book explores the relationship between crime, law and popular culture in Europe from the sixteenth century onwards. How was crime understood and dealt with by ordinary people and to what degree did they resort to or reject the official law and criminal justice system as a means of dealing with different forms of criminal activity? The issues addressed will include: participation by ordinary people as prosecutors, witnesses and jurors in the courts; the dynamics of court sittings; popular resistance to the operation or enforcement of the criminal law; and how attitudes and ways of understanding crime and the law may have changed or evolved over time. The chapters will also explore how different approaches and methodologies, whether drawn from within the existing historiography or from other disciplines such as criminology, law or anthropology, aid a greater understanding of the relationship between crime, law and popular culture. Overall, the volume will serve to illuminate how experiences of and attitudes to crime and the law may have corresponded or differed in different locations and contexts as well as contributing to a wider understanding of popular culture and consciousness in early modern and modern Europe

Monday, August 03, 2009

Law and Literature. Taiwan






Franz Kafka (1906)

Li-Ching Chang*, “The Research of Comparison between Law and Literature: As Illustrated by Kafka’s The Trial”, en National Taiwan University Law Review, 3: 1 (2008), pp. 67-89


*Li-Ching Chang is a native of TaHsi, Tao Yuan County, Taiwan. She received her first Ph.D. in Law from the National Taiwan University in 1992, and a second Ph.D. in Law from the University of Munich, Germany in 1997. She was a Fulbright scholar to Standford, 2001-2003. She has taught law at several universities in Taiwan. She held the position of Professor and Chairman of the Department of Law at Tunghai University, Taichung City, Taiwan. She was the
Commissioner of the Fair Trade Commission, Executive Yuan, Taiwan. She is now a professor of law at Tunghai University.

Disponible en: http://www.law.ntu.edu.tw/ntulawreview/articles/3-1/2008_3-1-Li-Ching+Chang_%E5%BC%B5%E9%BA%97%E5%8D%BF_.pdf