Friday, July 27, 2012

Derecho y Literatura en Hungría. Sobre Kafka/ Jogról és Irodalomról Magyarországon. A Kafka




Tamás Nagy
Josef K. nyomában : jogról és irodalomról
Máriabesnyő, Gödöllő (Hungary), Attraktor Kiadó, 2010, 264 pp.
ISBN: 978-963-9857-56-8

Közismert tény, hogy Stendhal - legalábbis saját állítása szerint - mielőtt írni kezdett, Napoleon törvénykönyvét olvasgatta, hogy világos stílusában megmártózzon. Nagy Tamás könyve egy nálunk még kevéssé ismert, Amerikában elterjedt kutatási irányhoz kapcsolódik, amelynek célja a két terület metszéspontjainak feltárása minden tekintetben. Hiszen nem csupán az írók élnek a jogi esetek és jogi szövegek tárházával, de a modern jogelmélet felhasználja a személyes vallomásokat, irodalmi megnyilatkozásokat is. Nagy Tamás a diszciplína bemutatása után alapos elemzésnek veti alá a címben előrevetített Kafka-mű olvasatait a jogirodalomban. A jogtörténet és az irodalom iránt érdeklődőknek egyaránt érdemes széles körben ajánlani a jegyzetekkel és bibliográfiával záródó, könyvészetileg igényes kiadványt.



Tamás Nagy, PhD., Profesor Asociado en la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Szeged (Hungría) [University of Szeged Law School. Hungaria]


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La reseña de esta obra, cuya aparición es aún reciente, sirve de exponente acerca de la pujante recepción en países del este europeo de investigaciones sobre Derecho y Literatura. El Dr. Tamás Nagy ha publicado en los últimos años diversos trabajos relacionados con la obra de Kafka, en concreto Der Process. Asimismo, sobre alguno de los relatos del peculiar escritor Péter Hajnóczy (Budapest, 1942- Balatonfüred, 1981), contenidos en A fűtő [El calentador] (Szépirodalmi Könyvkiadó, Budapest, 1975, 189 pp.).



Esta obra, que lamentablemente continúa sin traducción a lengua española, tiene ingredientes que rememoran algún texto de Heinrich von Kleist, como por ejemplo Michael Kohlhaas. Sí la obtuvo no obstante la nouvelle A Halál kilovagolt Perzsiából [La muerte salió cabalgando de Persia, trad. de Mária Szijj y José Miguel González Trebejo, Acantilado, Barcelona, 2008, 152 pp. ISBN: 978-84-96834-75-0]; un magnífico y profundamente sincero ejercicio de metaliteratura, que a veces recuerda al “escribidor” de Vargas Llosa.




Nagy es también autor de estudios sobre teoría narrativa del Derecho, éstos claramente influidos por la doctrina norteamericana.
Con mi recomendación.
J.C.G.

Thursday, July 26, 2012

Ars bene legislandi. Recensión






Mi recensión a Cómo legislar con sabiduría y elocuencia. El Arte de legislar reconstruido a partir de la tradición retórica (Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken, 2009, 498 pp. ISBN:978-9870240471), obra de Luis Alberto Marchili ha sido publicada en Rhetorica. A Journal of the History of Rhetoric (International Society for the History of Rhetoric. ISHR- University of California Press), vol. XXX, Issue 3, 2012, pp. 306-312 [ISSN: 0734-8584, electronic ISSN: 1533-8541].


J.C.G.

Wednesday, July 25, 2012

Law and Literature in Australia: D. H. Laurence


Desmond Manderson
Kangaroo Courts and the Rule of Law - The Legacy of ModernismRoutledge, London-New York, 2012, 224 pp.
978-0-415-59827-9


Kangaroo Courts and the Rule of Law -The Legacy of Modernism addresses the legacy of contemporary critiques of language for the concept of the rule of law. Between those who care about the rule of law and those who are interested in contemporary legal theory, there has been a dialogue of the deaf, which cannot continue. Starting from the position that contemporary critiques of linguistic meaning and legal certainty are too important to be dismissed, Desmond Manderson takes up the political and intellectual challenge they pose. Can the rule of law be re-configured in light of the critical turn of the past several years in legal theory, rather than being steadfastly opposed to it? Pursuing a reflection upon the relationship between law and the humanities, the book stages an encounter between the influential theoretical work of Jacques Derrida and Mikhail Bakhtin, and D.H. Lawrence's strange and misunderstood novel Kangaroo (1923). At a critical juncture in our intellectual history - the modernist movement at the end of the first world war - and struggling with the same problems we are puzzling over today, Lawrence articulated complex ideas about the nature of justice and the nature of literature. Using Lawrence to clarify Derrida’s writings on law, as well as using Derrida and Bakhtin to clarify Lawrence’s experience of literature, Manderson makes a robust case for 'law and literature.' With this framework in mind he outlines a 'post-positivist' conception of the rule of law - in which justice is imperfectly possible, rather than perfectly impossible.

Contents
1: Introduction
2: The Irony of Law and Literature
3: 1922
4:Enter the Kangaroo
5: The Rule of Law and the Legacy of Modernism
6: How Kangaroo Rewrote Lawrence
7: Reality & Therapy in the Novel
8: Polarity
9: Thirroul of Law
10: Littoral Readings

Desmond Manderson is Future Fellow at Australian National University where he is jointly appointed in the College of Law and the Research School of Humanities and the Arts. His interdisciplinary scholarship in law and the humanities spans legal theory, history, literature, art, and philosophy. Recent books include Songs Without Music: Aesthetic Dimensions of Law and Justice (2000), Proximity, Levinas and the Soul of Law (2007), and Essays on Levinas and Law (2007).

Reseñas.
"Desmond Manderson’s fantastic book shows that literary jurisprudence is just that; a provocative, creative conjunction that pushes both disciplines to offer new insights into our troubled condition. This is the book that law and literature scholarship has been waiting for."
Adam Gearey, Birkbeck University"Manderson is a multitude. A concert pianist, a sociologist of law, a literary critic, and a phenomenological legal philosopher, he has in Kangaroo Courts, brought all his polymath skills to bear in a consistently brilliant excoriation of law and literature. This is a work that exemplifies the singular universal. It is a study of a single book that will change a discipline, it is a meticulously close reading that invokes a wholly new philosophy of law. This is that most rare of works, an ode to scholarship, a love letter to the possibilities of law."
P. Goodrich, Professor of Law and Director of the Program in Law and Humanities, Cardozo School of Law


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D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930)


Kangaroo (1923), Primeras ediciones por Thomas Seltzer, New York, 1923 y Martin Secker, London 1923.

Traducciones a lengua española por Lino Novas Calvo (Editorial Sur, Buenos Aires, 1933, con pról. de Victoria Ocampo “El hombre que murió”, 509 pp.) y Marta Susana Eguía (Bruguera, Barcelona, 1981, 444 pp., y Seix Barral, Barcelona, 1987, 595 pp.)









Kangaroo fue escrita en apenas cuarenta y cinco días mientras Lawrence vivía al sur de Sydney, en 1922, aunque el original se revisó en Nuevo México tres meses más tarde. Desde el punto de vista literario y político Kangaroo contiene numerosos rasgos autobiográficos, en una etapa en la que el autor lleva a cabo una introspección sobre el futuro de la democracia, en un momento en el que no sin turbulencia intelectual las ideas del fascismo y el socialismo se entrecruzan.
De especial significación el cap. 10 (‘The Nightmare’) relata la experiencia personal del autor, a través de yo narrativo de Richard Somers, en los conflictos con la autoridad de Cornwall y ante las humillantes pruebas y exámenes de aptitud para el servicio militar, finalmente rechazado por “Òunfitó” (inúltil).

J.C.G.

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Jornada sobre Argumentación jurídica. Universidad Nacional de San Agustín. Arequipa. Perú.





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Magnífica iniciativa en la que descubro entre los expositores a varios buenos amigos. ¡Enhorabuena!
J.C.G.

Fallece Gregorio Peces-Barba





El ex presidente del Congreso y padre de la Constitución, Gregorio Peces-Barba, ha fallecido a los 74 años de edad en el Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias (Oviedo), donde permanecía ingresado desde el pasado 16 de julio, han informado a fuentes de su familia.
Gregorio Peces-Barba era Catedrático de Filosofía del Derecho en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.

Friday, July 20, 2012

Literatur und Recht. Eine Bibliographie



Thomas Sprecher
Literatur und Recht. Eine Bibliographie für LeserVittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main, 2011. 722 pp.
Seiten mit einer CD-Rom.
ISBN 978-3-465-03719-4


Diese analytische Bibliographie bietet mit rund 11.000 Einträgen einen Überblick über die Beiträge zum Verhältnis von Literatur, Sprache und Recht. Sie erfasst die Schnittstellen dieser Gebiete überwiegend, aber nicht nur in deutscher Sprache. Der Schwerpunkt liegt im 20. und 21. Jahrhundert, einbezogen sind aber auch das 18. und 19. Jahrhundert sowie frühere Epochen.
Im Hauptteil "Literatur und Recht" werden zunächst allgemeine Darstellungen, Sammelbände und Spezialfragen aufgelistet, bevor Angaben zu dem großen, im anglo-amerikanischen Raum prosperierenden Gebiet von Law and Literature gemacht werden. Es folgt eine Auswahl von über dreihundert Autorinnen und Autoren unterschiedlicher Epochen, Sprache, Provenienz und Bedeutung in alphabetischer Ordnung, wobei über die herkömmlichen Kriterien für Dichterjuristen und Juristenschriftsteller hinausgegangen wird.
Der zweite Teil umkreist das Beziehungsnetz von Sprache und Recht. Allgemeinen Beiträgen zur Rechts- und Gesetzessprache, zum Juristendeutsch, der Rechtslinguistik und -symbolik schließen sich Untergruppen zu Englisch und Latein im Zusammenhang mit Recht, zur forensischen Linguistik und zur Sprachverwendung vor Gericht an. Weitere Rubriken befassen sich mit den Fremdwörtern, der Mehrsprachigkeit, der Rhetorik, den Sprichwörtern, der Topik, der Überlieferung oder der Verständlichkeitsforschung. Nach einem Einschub zum Thema Recht und Massenmedien folgt die Zuordnung philologischer Literatur auf einzelne Rechtsgebiete. Den Abschluss machen einige Randbereiche: Recht und bildende Kunst, Humor, Musik, Religion.
Zur komfortableren Durchsuchbarkeit erscheint die Bibliographie mit einer CD-Rom.

Thomas Sprecher ist Rechtsanwalt und langjähriger Leiter des Thomas-Mann-Archivs an der ETH in Zürich.

Wednesday, July 18, 2012

Derecho y Literatura en Argentina.





Gabriela Paladin
Hombres de ley, hombres sin ley: cruces entre derecho y literatura
Editorial Biblos (Col. Tesis), Buenos Aires, 2011, 374 pp.
ISBN: 9789507869358

“No hay Justicia”, “Justicia lenta no es Justicia”, “Entran por una puerta y salen por otra”, lugares comunes del pensamiento del ciudadano medio sobre el funcionamiento de uno de los poderes de la República, y nada menos que del garante de las libertades ciudadanas. ¿Mal de nuestro tiempo, o apenas “vino viejo en odres nuevos”?
En un giro innovador, en este libro los textos literarios son tomados como evidencias históricas válidas y confrontados con la legislación, las producciones de doctrinarios del derecho, la crítica de los abogados y los propios fallos judiciales del período 1852-1914. De este modo, para sorpresa de no pocos, las obras más célebres de nuestra literatura nacional –Facundo, Martín Fierro y Juan Moreira- muestran una nueva faceta y, sin perder su carácter fundamental de recreación literaria de hechos reales o de estilización “costumbrista” de los conflictos humanos de la época, se revelan también como documentos sui géneris válidos y confiables para el análisis y el conocimiento histórico.

Gabriela Antonia Paladín, Dra. en Ciencias Jurídicas por la Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), es Profesora de Derecho Procesal II en la Facultad de Cincias Jurídicas y Socials de aquella Universidad, y asume desde 2007 tareas jurisdiccionales como magistrada suplente en el Juzgado en lo Civil y Comercial nº 3 del Departamento Judicial de la municipalidad de San Isidro (Provincia de Buenos Aires. Argentina)


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La dedicación Gabriela A. Paladín a los temas de Derecho y Literatura ha quedado patente con anterioridad.
Así, con ocasión de la Conferencia pronunciada el 31 de mayo 2010 en la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales de la UNLP, titulada La crisis del Derecho argentino. Anomia y Literatura Nacional: El derecho practicado en tiempos de la literatura gauchesca, evento que asimismo contó con la participación del Dr. Felipe Fucito, quien disertó sobre El Derecho vivido en los autores de la Generación del `80
Más recientemente la Dr. Paladín intervino durante la VI Conferencia de Crítica Jurídica en La Plata, celebrada en Octubre del 2011, bajo la organización del Instituto de Cultura Jurídica de la UNLP, integrando la Comisión 8, sobre “La Crítica del Derecho a través del Arte”, donde expuso la ponencia titulada Textos y contextos: Vinculaciones críticas entre Derecho y Literatura.
Aparte de ello, cabe también mencionar su colaboración en la obra compilada por María Minellono con el título de Las tensiones de los opuestos. Libros y autores de la literatura argentina del ’80 [Nuevohacer Grupo Editor Latinoamericano (Col. Temas), Buenos Aires, 2004, ISBN: 9789506947187], donde se recoge su trabajo “La Justicia de Paz en Juan Moreira de Gutiérrez” (pp. 249-261).
En todo caso, su interés remonta al año 2003, fecha de presentación del trabajo de Tesis para la obtención del Grado de Doctor en Ciencias Jurídicas, cuyo director fue el Dr. Fucito. Un ejemplar de la tesis –Derecho y literatura. Los textos literarios argentinos como evidencias de la crisis de obligatoriedad del derecho (474 pp.)– puede consultarse en la Biblioteca “Joaquín V. González” - Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales. UNLP.
Sobre el Dr. Felipe Fucito vid. en este blog la entrada (Abril 24, 2011) “Sociología jurídica y Literatura argentina. Sarmiento, José Hernández y Eduardo Gutiérrez.” [http://iurisdictio-lexmalacitana.blogspot.com.es/2011/04/sociologia-juridica-y-literatura.html] en reseña de su libro La crisis del derecho en la Argentina y sus antecedentes literarios: un enfoque sociológico, Eudeba, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 2010, 317 pp. ISBN 13: 978-950-23-1726-7.

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Derecho y Literatura. Universidad del Pacífico. Perú



Fernando de Trazegnies Granda y Carlos Gatti Muriel
Derecho y Literatura
Edit. Universidad del Pacífico (Serie Conferencias – nº. 11), Lima, 2011, 49 pp.
ISBN: 978-9972-57-182-4

"Primero, ¡matemos a todos los abogados!", dice Shakespeare en Enrique IV. ¿Es que presenta a los abogados como enemigos del pueblo o como defensores del orden social? ¿Qué tiene que ver El Quijote con el Derecho? ¿El regreso de Agamenón y Odiseo a sus hogares ayuda a entender la importancia del Derecho como articulador del mundo humano?
Este texto responderá a esas preguntas y ayudará a comprender que el Derecho y la Literatura se llaman mutuamente. La Literatura plantea los grandes temas del Derecho sin tecnicismos profesionales; por su parte, el Derecho echa mano de herramientas literarias, pues, si se quiere defender un caso, hay que saber contar una historia.
Esta publicación es parte de la contribución a formar abogados sensibles al arte, pues este sirve para transportarse a realidades que, aunque imaginarias, nos acercan más al mundo.

Índice
La interacción entre literatura y derecho,
por Fernando de Trazegnies Granda
De la discordia a la concordia en la Odisea y la Orestíada,
por Carlos Gatti Muriel



Fernando de Trazegnies Granda es Dr. en Derecho por la Pontifícia Universidad Cartólica del Perí (1979), donde como profesor principal imparte la dsciplona de Filosofía del Derecho. Fue Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores y Canciller de la República del Perú (1998-2000), y artífice de la firma en 1998 del Acuerdo Definitivo de Paz, Amistad y Límites con el Ecuador tras la Guerra del Cenepa.

Carlos Gatti Muriel es profesor del Departamento Académico de Humanidades de la Universidad del Pacífico. Estudios de Doctorado en Literatura por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, estudios de Lingüística por el Instituto Lingüístico Latinoamericano (Uruguay). Bachiller en Humanidades por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú y Licenciado en Lingüística y Literatura, con mención el Literatura Hispánica. Está especializado en Lengua española, rítmica y métrica, lenguaje poético, autores clásicos (en especial Dante Alighieri) y la función formativa de la literatura en los estudiantes universitarios.



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El texto de ambas conferencias se encuentra disponible en: http://blogcristalroto.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/derecho-y-literatura.pdf

Sunday, July 15, 2012

Derecho y Literatura: metodología del case law y educación jurídica


Marco Wan (ed.)
Reading The Legal Case
Cross-Currents between Law and the Humanities
Routledge, New York, 2012, 244 pp.
ISBN-13: 9780415673549



This volume examines the nature, function, development and epistemological assumptions of the legal case in an interdisciplinary context. Using the question of ‘reading’ as a guiding principle, it opens up new ways of understanding case law and the doctrine of precedent by bringing the law into dialogue with the humanities. What happens when a legal case is read not only by lawyers, but by literary critics, by linguists, by philosophers, or by historians? How do film makers and writers adapt and transform legal cases in their work? How might one interpret fiction in the context of the historical development of the common law? The essays in this volume test the boundaries of the legal case as a genre by inviting perspectives from other disciplines, and in doing so also raise more fundamental questions of what constitutes law and legal thinking. This book will be of interest to anyone seeking a better understanding of the common law, the humanities, and the intersection between them.

Contents
Foreword, Mr. Justice S. Bokhary, Permanent Judge of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal;
Introduction: Re-situating the Legal Case within the Humanities, Marco Wan
Part I
Reading Cases in Interdisciplinary Studies of Law and Literature, Alan Durant
I crave the law’: Salomon v Salomon (1897), uncanny personhood and the Jews, Christopher Hutton
Three Close-Ups in Search of Truth: Law, Cinema, Psychoanalysis, Maria Aristodemou
Everyday Law in the Court Writing of Sybille Bedford, Elaine Ho
Sir William Jones and the Translation of Law in India, Robert Young
The Illegality of Empire: Moral Evasion and Confusion of Historians and Literary Critics in their Reflections on The Impeachment Trial of Warren Hastings, Tony Carty
Part 2:
The Making of Legal Cases and the Idea of Precedent in the Common Law, Thanos Zartaloudi
On the Edge of Reason: Law at the Borderline, Janny Leung
‘Stare Decisis in China? The Newly Enacted Guiding Case System’, Ping Yu and Seth Gurgel
Judging Judgment in Chinua Achebe’s No Longer at Ease, Katherine Baxter
Part 3:
The Dramatic Imagination and the Dream of Law, Paul Raffield
The Intellectual – Hamlet, Kenji Yoshino
‘Stare Decisis, Binding Precedent, and Anthony Trollope’s The Eustace Diamonds’, Marco Wan
‘Binding Precedent: Robert Louis Steven’s Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’, Scott Veitch

Marco Wan is Assistant Professor of Law and Honorary Assistant Professor of English at the University of Hong Kong. He has published on literary trials in England and France, and on law and visuality in Hong Kong.

Saturday, July 14, 2012

Law's Justice: A Law & Humanities Perspectives




NO FOUNDATIONS: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF LAW AND JUSTICE. Law' s Justicie: A Law & Humanities Perspectives 9 (2012)

Editors-in-Chief:Julen Etxabe & Mónica López Lerma





CONTENTS

Acknowledgments

Editorial

Justice in Tension: An Expression of Law and the Legal Mind
James Boyd White

Configuring Justice
Jeanne Gaakeer

To Avenge, to Forgive or to Judge? Literary Variations
François Ost

Speaking of the Imperfect: Law, Language and Justice
Marianne Constable

Justice and the Colonial Collision: Reflections on Stories of Intercultural Encounter in Law, Literature, Sculpture and Film
Rebecca Johnson

The Heart of Law
M. Paola Mittica

Having Gods, Being Greek and Getting Better: On Equity and Integrity Concerning Property an Other Posited Laws
Gary Watt

The Ethics of Testimony: Trauma, Body and Justice in Sarah Kofman's Autobiography
Ari Hirvonen

Contenido disponible en: http://www.helsinki.fi/nofo/NoFo%209%202012.pdf
Check the Relaunch of No Foundations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Law and Justice. Special Issue: Law's Justice: A Law & Humanities Perspective. http://www.helsinki.fi/nofo/index.html

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марк ротко [Mark Rothko] (1903-1970). Sin título, 1955



NO FOUNDATIONS: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF LAW AND JUSTICE
No Foundations is an international peer-reviewed journal committed to publishing interdisciplinary legal scholarship of the highest quality at the interface between law and justice. We encourage contributions from all areas of law and beyond, with the aim of bridging the gap once opened between law and other social and human activities and experiences.
On the assumption that law is a socially embedded phenomenon that cannot be fully understood as an autonomous discipline, we aim to connect law both with its real effects on the lives of individuals and societies, and with the realm of human aspirations and ideals that give it life and meaning.
ABOUT THE JOURNAL
No Foundations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Law and Justice is an international peer reviewed open-access journal that seeks to bridge the gap between law and other social and human activities and experiences.
From its establishment in 2005 as No Foundations: Journal of Extreme Legal Positivism, the journal has been a platform for innovative and wide-ranging research in the fields of critical jurisprudence and socio-legal studies.
The new name reflects our commitment to furthering interdisciplinary forms of dialogue. The emphasis on justice is meant to connect law both with its real effects on the lives of individuals and societies, and with the realm of human aspirations and ideals that cannot be easily measured or quantified.
No Foundations is published once a year. Manuscripts are initially assessed by the editors, and then sent to two anonymous expert referees for final evaluation. At present, we publish articles by invitation only, but we will begin accepting general submissions in 2013.

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Law’s Justice – Editorial from Relaunched Journal: No Foundations
29 June 2012
By Mónica López Lerma and Julen Etxabe
The relaunch of No Foundations: An Interdiciplinary Journal of Law and Justice is devoted to rethinking the possibility of law’s justice. We have chosen to approach this question from a law and humanities perspective, mainly for two reasons. The first is that this interdisciplinary movement, presently gaining momentum in Europe, reconceptualizes law in a way that opens it up inherently to dialogues across disciplines, sharing our view that law cannot be fully understood as an autonomous field. The second is that this approach does not shy away from the discussion on law’s (in)justice, and brings it to the fore of every legal debate, far too long relegated with the argument that justice does not belong properly to law, but to other branches or fields of knowledge. For our relaunch issue we are very proud to present contributions from eight outstanding international scholars working on this tradition, which combines the study of law with other literary and humanistic texts and approaches.
James Boyd White, a pioneer in this interdisciplinary endeavour, begins in autobiographical fashion to explain what led him to explore the connection between law and literature in a way that has often seemed to an outsider as a bit puzzling, even idiosyncratic. Arguing that such a questioner often misunderstands not only literature, but law too, White elaborates on the idea that the law is not a static or timeless system, working out the implications of its premises in abstract or purely logical ways, but a way of functioning in a world dominated by time, seizing the ever-passing moment of the present as the place to link past and future. Thus, if one is to think about the relation between law and justice it is important to recognize that the law is not an abstract system or scheme of rules, or a set of institutional arrangements, but an inherently unstable structure of thought and expression, built upon a distinct set of dynamic and dialogic tensions. These include, to nae but a few: tensions between ordinary language and legal language; between legal language and the specialized discourses of other fields; between language itself and the mute world that lies beneath it; between conflicting but justifiable ways of giving meaning to the rules and principles of law; between substantive and procedural lines of thought; between the past, the present, and the future. None of these tensions can be resolved by resort to a rule or other directive, but must be addressed anew in each case, by the exercise of an art that is defined by these tensions themselves. As a result, doing justice in the law consists not merely in the elaboration of general principles, but the art by which the tensions characteristic of law are intelligently and sensitively addressed.
White’s argument has wide implications for legal education, because the teaching of law as mechanical, impersonal, essentially bureaucratic in nature works by narrowing rather than broadening the human capacity for understanding and critical judgment. In White’s view, legal education ought to shift the focus from the study of law as a system to the understanding of what happens when that system meets the world, for it is at the moment of this encounter that law becomes most fully alive. In the hands of the lawyer, judge, or teacher, the law is not a closed or total system of significances, but is systematically opened up to new possibilities, not only enabling creativity, but requiring it. Most fundamentally, this encounter contains within it the seeds of resistance to the forces of empire and mindless submission, for every case is an opportunity for the introduction into the world of power of an unrecognized voice, language, or claim.
White’s opening essay draws with deceptive simplicity a picture of law that could not be further apart from the models of law that have dominated academic circles over the last two centuries. One might say that White writes from an internal perspective, though not from that of the Hartian official who assures the continuity of the legal order, but as someone who aims at the heart of legal practice as it is lived and experienced by individuals and practitioners. What White describes is an ideal of what law can be when it reaches its potential; an image, as it were, by which we can shape our efforts as do our respective tasks as lawyers, judges, or teachers. Seemingly missing in White is the position of the jurist, perhaps a distinctly European figure, of the academic law professor who studies law as a ‘detached observer’. In ‘Configuring Justice’ Jeanne Gaakeer, both a professor of jurisprudence in Rotterdam and a sitting Justice of the Appellate Court in The Hague, denies the possibility of such a ‘view from nowhere’. Opposing her view to the legal-scientific model, she defends the model of jurisprudentia, which denies the possibility of general theoretical accounts of law (as scientia), because there is no such thing as a neutral or objective scientific position from which to observe or to take theoretical standpoints, and because practising law and the reflection of it (the internal and external perspectives) are both to be understood in, and from, particular historical, moral, and cultural contexts.
Further, Gaakeer argues that law as an academic discipline belongs to the humanities, given its historical development since the eleventh-century discovery of the Justinian Code, and its language-oriented practice. In order to build her argument, and wishing also to dispel the misconception about civil-law reasoning as mere syllogistic rule-application that is deductive in nature (moving from abstract codified legal norms to a decision in a specific case), she turns to Paul Ricoeur’s work in search of what the studia humanitatis can contribute to legal practice. In particular, Gaakeer focuses on the development of professional qualities of phronesis or practical wisdom; the elaboration of metaphor or the ability to see resemblances in spite of differences; narrative intelligence or the ability to plot and recognize plots and compose justifications (as well as to detect cognitive biases); and discernment of the equitable, all of which are fundamental attributes of deciding cases with justice. Gaakeer’s essay is thus an example of how humanities-oriented interdisciplinary research can move beyond the mere academic into the realm of praxis, for she considers that only through law in practice can we learn to speak of justice, and decide that justice is done not in the abstract, but in the concrete way an actual case might be resolved.
If Gaakeer exemplifies the hermeneutic-philosophical tradition in this volume, François Ost exemplifies the law-in-literature approach. Ost makes a brief journey through different works of world-literature to inquire how it reveals the relationship with justice and its administration. For this purpose, he designs a double-entry table according to two different axes: the first, vertical, axis follows the known distinction between private and public justice; the second, horizontal, axis distinguishes between two ends of the act of judging, short-term and long-term ends, which following Paul Ricoeur he calls ‘distribution’ (répartition) and ‘participation’ (participation). In this way, while the short-term end of justice is meant merely to distribute the share belonging to each, the long-term function of justice aims at the restoration of social peace, and makes us take part in the good-in-common.
This double-entry table serves as grid for analysing literary works in which one or both ends of judging are present or absent in ways that enable one to illustrate, modify, or subvert the theoretical model. In this light, Ost categorizes works by Aeschylus, Shakespeare, Racine, Melville, Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, La Fontaine, Von Kleist, Wiechert, Hawthorne, Kafka, Mauriac, Dürrenmatt, Kundera, Nothomb, or Sade, focusing particularly on unconventional typologies of judging such as forgiveness, oblivion, the justice one procures for oneself, and the flawed model in which none of the functions is present. In his analysis, literature provides archetypical stories that form the ideals, fears, warnings, and utopias at the core of the human imagination, significantly complicating the always-too-reductionist theoretical models of justice.
But why is that people appeal to law when they seek justice, even after legal positivism has asserted that there is no necessary connection between the two? Marianne Constable wonders about the continued appeal to law’s justice in a world that, after Nietzsche, has lost its old faith in any kind of ‘foundations’. For Constable, the question in the contemporary scene is no longer whether we must reject justice as a false ideal, or whether we can think about law without reproducing old metaphysical truths. Rather, it is how to speak of both law and justice without falling under the sway of a socio-legal worldview that would treat all law and its justice in the terms of empirical, calculating, instrumental strategies and techniques. According to Constable, understanding claims of justice, as well as the reality of law itself, solely in terms of social power and empirical impact neglects important insights that the humanities bring to bear on law and language, for, if the will of society recognizes no limits to the power to com¬mand or to determine the world, then any possible distinctiveness of both law and justice is lost.
Constable argues that law and justice are a matter of language, but not in any logically necessary or universal sense, but in what she calls a ‘grammatically imperfect’ sense — the manner in which the subject of a sentence acts continuously, incompletely, and in an ongoing manner that can be interrupted. Just as words are unable to capture a world that is perpetually in flux, claims Constable, so too with law: we share an imperfect and incompletely articulable understanding of law as our way of living. In this way, ‘law’ refers not only to particular acts and events — marriages, contracts, wills, sentences, regulations — but also to the imperfect and incompletely articulated and articulable knowledge of how to speak and act with one another required for these legal/social acts and events to occur and be perfected. Constable concludes that identifying law with language this way leads to thinking about membership and belonging less in terms of state citizenship, national identity, and moral or religious community, than as matters of the common though imperfect and possibly overlapping tongues through which persons understand one another.
Rebecca Johnson’s article picks up on this thread. Through an exploration of Canada’s colonial past in regard to the Ihalmiut community, Johnson addresses the challenges (and possibilities) of justice in the context of the intercultural encounter between settler and indigenous legal orders. Johnson takes up the famous case of R v. Kikkik of 1958 — a case that involved Kikkik’s stabbing to death of her brother-in-law who had killed her husband and threatened her life; her 45 KM march through the freezing cold with her three children to reach the nearest trading post; her desperate abandonment of two of them in the snow; and the trial and subsequent acquittal of Kikkik on double charges of murder and criminal negligence of the death of one of the children — in order to ask what might be learned about law and justice by exploring the different ways this story has been told. Drawing inspiration from James Clifford’s work on juxtaposition and Mikhail Bakhtin’s insight that meaning emerges most richly through encounters and intersections, Johnson approaches the case through different genres — the trial transcripts, a novel, a group of sculptures, and a film — and asks what each brings into focus or else leaves out. Johnson shows that each genre provides a different lens to observe the ‘same reality’, and these affect the kind of judgments being made and the justice being administered.
Johnson’s article raises additional questions concerning interdisciplinary research itself and the responsibility of the critic to respect the particular idiom of the genre under study. Thus, whereas the trial focuses exclusively on issues of guilt and innocence on an individual level, the book enlarges the scope to include the governmental action of relocation of the Ihalmuit. In turn, the ‘pensiveness’ or arrested movement of the sculptures pushes Johnson to reflect on their conditions of production as an instance of North/South encounter, and the film ver¬sion brings about various forms of acknowledging the past (performances of apologies, signs of grattude, acts of witnessing) and claiming responsibility for it. As Johnson argues, all these dimensions of justice are matters not easily captured within the boundaries of the law, but are no less pressing in the context of the larger project of theorizing the meaning and the demands of justice.
But what does this theorization entail? Our next two essays connect justice with the idea of limits — boundary setting, limitation of excess, and measure. M. Paola Mittica argues in ‘The Heart of Law’ that measure, a space of boundaries that cannot be predetermined but without which human coexistence would be impossible, is an essential component of the social and political bond, as measure defines the boundaries of behaviour that regulates the irreducible difference among humans. According to Mittica, the continuity between law and justice — and their common rootedness in the complex space of the boundaries imposed by otherness — cannot be captured by modern Western legal science, nor by the reflection that has accompanied the evolution of positive law. Instead, Mittica invites us to look elsewhere in our culture in the hope of identifying elements to think about measure, and to bring the debate on law’s justice from the abstract plane of theory to that of human and social experience. She approaches this question with the help of the Odyssey, not as an attempt to pursue the chimera of an original jus, but in the belief that human communities are constitutively narrative and these narratives are normative in that they help to structure daily life on a symbolic and emotional level. In this light, the purpose of the Homeric poems is not so much to preserve and transmit the contents of an oral tradition, but to constitute an ‘anthropological grammar’ that is inherently juridical in its capacity constantly to offer formulas on the basis of which to achieve a balance in social coexistence.
In his contribution, Gary Watt also takes on the issue of excess in the context of property rights. In an attempt to mitigate two common forms of excess — excessive obedience to law and excessive obedience to extra-legal moral absolutes — Watt argues for less absolute virtues of ‘internal integrity’ and ‘equity’. As defined by Watt, integrity is the morally neutral quality of integrating a thing to itself, whereas equity demands opening it up to its context and surroundings. Although legal scholars and judges often seek integrity as the sole virtue worth pursuing by the legal system, Watt argues that integrity can be harmful if pursued to extremes, and this is what makes it necessary to temper it with equity. Nevertheless, the practice of equity does not constitute an unmitigated virtue and, contrary to the Aristotelian concept of epieikeia, ought not to be conceptualized as striving towards a new ideal (i.e., ‘the golden mean’).
In Watt’s view internal integrity has no free-standing merit and does not deserve its name unless it is pursued with regard for equity and, vice versa, equity has no merit unless pursued with regard for internal integrity. Therefore, the relationship between internal integrity and equity is one of agonist tension. Watt argues that it is precisely this dramatic struggle that is at stake in hard or difficult cases, and that theatre and other creative arts have as much potential to show us about how we might better exercise our judgement in these legal situations, which he illustrates with various examples of English law. According to Watt, the main problem is to decide to what extent equity can operate to challenge the internal integrity of a rule, without supplanting law with morality. Watt finds a promising avenue in the concept of ‘unconscionability’, which intervenes when a party abuses a right or a rule in a way that is inappropriate in the particular context of a practice. Unlike the categorical role of morality, unconscionabliity helps us to avoid the worst errors without ever claiming to constitute an ideal, which helps law and lawyers to improve and ‘get better’ in practice. Ari Hirvonen gives a fitting closure to the journal’s invitation to rethink the possiblity of law’s justice from a law and humanities perspective. In ‘The Ethics of Testimony’, Hirvonen reads the fascinating life-story of French philosopher Sarah Kofman, author of numerous books on philosophy, psychoanalysis, deconstruction, art, and literature and whose father, a rabbi, was killed at Auschwitz. Hirvonen argues that even though Kofman, unlike her friend Jacques Derrida, never wrote explicitly about the relationship between law and justice, the latter is always present in her writing. Hirvonen connects this ‘justice that speaks without speaking’ to Kofman’s laughter and tears and to what these testify, and traces both in Kofman’s autobiographical writings. Hirvonen’s task is doubly complicated by the fact that Kofman decried the genre of autobiography in general as ‘mensongère’, written as ‘retroactive illusions for the aim of idealization’. However, following in the footsteps of Nietzsche’s Ecce Homo and E.T.A. Hoffman’s The Life and Opinions of Tomcat Murr, Hirvonen argues that Kofman’s texts no longer represent the authoritative voice of the narrator recounting a unified story, but rather comes closer to the experience of her father’s absence itself that speaks through her body. In this reading, the body is the embodiment of a trauma that cannot be expressed in words, but that must be testified to and repeated, not as melancholia, but as an ethical demand not to forget.
Finally, Hirvonen considers the possibility of a new humanism after Auschwitz. Departing from the earlier European tradition, Kofman announces the possibility of a new kind of humanism, in light of Robert Antelme and Maurice Blanchot, where humanism is not to be undestood as a coherent system of universal moral norms, but as the responsibility of being human in the face of irreducible otherness. This humanism seeks not to create the human ‘we’ that reduces differences in the name of universality, though it does not preclude imagining and creating communities on the basis of, and respectful of, difference. Indeed, Hirvonen reclaims the urgency of the European Union to think of itself differently as a nonessentialist community in order to create relationships that would be more inclusive and just at this particular historical juncture.
Helsinki, June 2012
Fuente: http://criticallegalthinking.com/2012/06/29/laws-justice-editorial-no-foundations/
Critical Legal Thinking

Friday, July 13, 2012

Una justa protesta: O TRISTE FIM DO DIREITO & LITERATURA NA TVE/RS E A RAZÃO CÍNICA DA TELEVISÃO BRASILEIRA


Tunney Vs. Dempsey - Pintura de Gérard Dubois



O TRISTE FIM DO DIREITO & LITERATURA NA TVE/RS E A RAZÃO CÍNICA DA TELEVISÃO BRASILEIRA

Os gregos e a filosofia e a justiça e as artes e Quixote e Shakespeare e o Estado e a ciência e a revolução e Victor Hugo e as desigualdades e Zola e o processo e Kafka e o sistema e o sentido e o outro e Camus e a Lei e o inconsciente e os limites e Freud e a interpretação e o poder e Machado de Assis e a república e a burocracia e a crise e Coetzee e a guerra e barbárie e o declínio... Para que refletir sobre tudo isto?, eis a questão.
É com grande tristeza que a equipe do programa “Direito & Literatura: do fato à ficção” vem a público comunicar o fim da parceria com a Fundação Cultural Piratini (TVE/RS).




Após cinco temporadas de sucesso e mais de 160 (cento e sessenta) programas gravados – exibidos em todo o Brasil, também pela TV JUSTIÇA e com a divulgação do CONJUR –, a Presidência da TVE/RS decidiu por não renovar o termo de cooperação técnica mantido há cinco anos com o Instituto de Hermenêutica Jurídica e o Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito da UNISINOS.
Segundo a justificativa apresentada pela Diretoria da TVE/RS, o programa atende a um público muito específico e não se harmoniza com a grade de programação esperada de uma rede de televisão pública, que deve apresentar programas "mais populares” (sic).
Trata-se, a nosso ver, de mais um lamentável episódio do gradual e ilencioso processo de degradação cultural pelo qual vem passando a elevisão pública no país, resultante tanto da ação quanto da omissão dos governos, independentemente de suas siglas. Lamentavelmente, o PT também faz mal à cultura. Quer aparelhar tudo, inclusive a televisão pública.
Por isto é que estamos conclamando os telespectadores, professores, estudantes e todos aqueles que ainda acreditam no importante papel da elevisão para a difusão da cultura: indignai-vos por esta justa causa de uma maneira simples, enviando uma mensagem de protesto às autoridades competentes (presidencia@tve.com.br; gabinete@sedac.rs.gov.br; vinicius-wu@gg.rs.gov.br), apenas com o assunto -PROTESTO - TVE - FIM DO DIREITO & LITERATURA-.

As mensagens de apoio poderão ser encaminhadas através dos sites –www.unisinos.br/direitoeliteratura e www.facebook.com/direitoeliteratura , onde serão publicadas juntamente com a lista dos indignados.
Agradecemos, por fim, a dedicação e carinho de todos aqueles que colaboraram com este projeto inédito ao longo dos últimos cinco anos.

A Produção Executiva.

XXX---XXX---XXX









A literatura propõe novas ideias, confrontos e ajuda a construir o conhecimento. Quando os livros são discutidos entre as pessoas, essa construção é mais complexa ainda, gerando novos significados. Considerando o caráter instigante das obras literárias, o programa Direito & Literatura traz ao conhecimento do público livros que marcaram gerações. Evidenciando relações entre os temas da atualidade e as grandes obras, o programa proporciona debates com especialistas e ampla contextualização no campo da cultura. A apresentação do programa é de Lênio Streck e tem o apoio


XX--XX--XX

Queridos amigos de DIREITO & LITERATURA TV,
Ciertamente triste, pero expresiva, la decisión de la Productora. Estabáis haciendo una labor extraodinaria, tanto desde el punto de vista jurídico como desde el referente de una acción socio-cultural ligada a la comprensión lectora. Esto último es de interés relevante en paises de Sudamérica, y también de Europa, donde existe un elevado déficit. Vuestra labor, por tanto, ofrecía un auténtico servicio a la comunidad y al publico de nuevo lectores utilizando para ello un medio que como la TV tiene enorme capacidad de penetracion y pedagogía.
La Productora debería recapacitar su decisión. En todo caso, siguiendo su argumento, si se tratata de un programa "de elite" eso implicaría satisfacer una demanda que otras TV no se han demostrado capaces de favorecer, y así un grado óptimo de diferenciación.
Mi enhorabuena por esos 160 programas, por el trabajo desarrollado, por el nivel excelente de referencia internacional logrado, y mi solidaridad en estos difíciles momentos.
Cordial saludo
José Calvo González
Catedrático de Filosofía del Derecho
Facultad de Derecho
Universidad de Málaga
España

Thursday, July 12, 2012

Lógica peirceana



Charles Sanders Peirce
OBRA FILOSÓFICA REUNIDA
Tomo I (1867-1893)
, FEC (Col. Filosofía), México, 2012, 450 pp.
ISBN: 9786071609366


Charles Sanders Peirce fue el último filósofo arquitectónico en la tradición arquitectónico en la tradición occidental. Es famoso por ser el padre del pragmatismo y la semiótica moderna, dos campos de investigación teórica que han tenido una enorme influencia en el siglo XX. Peirce tuvo la sólida formación en las ciencias físicas. Habiendo obtenido su doctorado en química, empezó muy temprano en su vida a preguntarse por la naturaleza de la investigación científica, un cuestionamiento que llegó a ocupar buena parte de sus esfuerzos intelectuales. A lo largo de medio siglo estas preocupaciones filosóficas lo indujeron a armar un formidable edificio filosófico con una semiótica triádica en su base que hoy en día influye profundamente en diversas disciplinas. El pensamiento de Peirce es de especial y creciente interés en el ámbito internacional, no tanto por su influencia histórica, que aún no ha sido plenamente apreciada, sino más bien por su notable anticipación de los temas emergentes del siglo XXI: diseño de sistemas expertos, teorías de la información y la comunicación e inteligencia artificial, por mencionar sólo algunos.
En esta colección se reúnen textos muy variados que ejemplifican las distintas contribuciones de Peirce a las investigaciones en campos diversos, con lo que se brinda al lector interesado un acopio de fuentes para el estudio de un autor que aporta, junto con teorías analíticas, soluciones de suma importancia en lo que se refiere a problemas de conocimiento, lógica, ciencia y matemáticas en su más alta expresión.


Índice de Contenidos
Prefacio, por Nathan Houser y Christian Kloesel 11
Introducción, por Nathan Houser 17

Obra filosófica reunida (1867-1893)

1. sobre una nueva lista de categorías 43

SERIE DE ARTÍCULOS SOBRE LA COGNICIÓN EN JOURNAL OF SPECULATIVE PHILOSOPHY

2. Cuestiones acerca de ciertas facultades atribuidas al hombre 55
3. Algunas consecuencias de cuatro incapacidades 72
4. Fundamentos de la validez de las leyes de la lógica: otras consecuencias de cuatro incapacidades 100
5The Works of George Berkeley, de Fraser 128
6. Sobre una nueva clase de observaciones, sugerida por los principios de la lógica 151

EJEMPLOS DE LA LÓGICA DE LA CIENCIA

7. La fijación de la creencia 157
8. Cómo esclarecer nuestras ideas 172
9. La doctrina de las posibilidades azarosas 189
10. La probabilidad de la inducción 202
11. El orden de la naturaleza 218
12. Deducción, inducción e hipótesis 233
13. Sobre el álgebra de la lógica (1880) 247
14. Conferencia introductoria sobre el estudio de la lógica 257
15. Designio y azar 262
16. Sobre el álgebra de la lógica: una contribución a la filosofía de la notación 271
17. Un Platón norteamericano: reseña de Religious Aspect of Philosophy 275
18. Uno, dos, tres: las categorías kantianas 287
19. Una conjetura acerca del enigma 289
20. Tricotomía 323

SERIE DE ARTÍCULOS METAFÍSICOS DE THE MONIST

21. La arquitectura de las teorías 331
22. La doctrina de la necesidad examinada 344
23. La ley de la mente 357
24. La esencia de vidrio del hombre 379
25. Amor evolutivo 396

Cronología 417
Notas 419
Índice Analítico 439


Fuente: http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/28470562?n=67&imagesize=1200&jp2Res=.5&printThumbnails=no



XXX---XXX





Es una excelente noticia la edición en lengua española de esta gran parte de los escritos de Peirce. Lógicos y también juristas -no olvidemos que la lógica en derecho es Derecho- sabrán hallar en ella un importante instrumento. En lo demás, recomiendo estos los enlaces que a continuación indico, donde se encuentra disponible información y textos de interés:



http://eltalondeaquiles.pucp.edu.pe/peirce
http://www.pucsp.br/pos/cos/cepe/peirce/peirce.htm



J.C.G.

Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Melville para el estío



Moby Dick
Serie "Paper Books".
Foto de Flavio Demarchi



XX--XX

¿Por qué no aprovechar del verano para releer a Moby Dick? Yo lo haré.
J.C.G.

Sunday, July 08, 2012

Gabo



XXX---XXX

Leo en un períodico digital brasileño de hoy mismo que Gabriel García Márquez dejará de escribir, enfermo de demencia y ya casi desmemoriado (http://www.publico.pt/Cultura/gabriel-garcia-marquez-sem-memoria-nao-voltara-a-escrever-1553879 ).
Pero lo cierto, y así he comentado con los amigos, es que Gabo se ha ido a vivir a alguna de sus novelas, seguramente una que le quedó por escribir.

J.C.G.

Melkevik, a disposición de lectores italianos




Bjarne Melkevik
Percorsi di Filosofia del diritto
a cura de Simone Gallo e Maria Novella Campagnoli
traduzione di Silvia Visciano
ARACNE editrice (Quaderni di Teoria del diritto e dello Stato. Rivista europea di cultura e scienza giuridica, 4), Roma, 2011, 192 pp.
ISBN: 978-88-548-4364-6

Obiettivo del presente volume è avvicinare qualsiasi lettore alla filosofia del diritto. Il testo, tanto denso quanto semplice e discorsivo, si configura come una progressiva scoperta della materia attraverso tematiche specifiche quali l’autodeterminazione e la vulnerabilità del soggetto di diritto, la solidarietà, il contesto della mondializzazione. Seppur diversa dalla scienza del diritto, la filosofia del diritto assume allora il ruolo di “accompagnatrice” del “progetto giuridico moderno” e procede operando e interrogandosi sulla questione ontologica della definizione del diritto e, pure, indagando sulla sua questione epistemologica del diritto stesso.

Indice-Sommario
nota del curatore
Parte I
Filosofia e diritto:
i perenni interrogativi di un antico rapporto
Capitolo 1
Perché studiare la filosofia del diritto?
Qualche riflessione sull’insegnamento della filosofia del diritto
1.1. Premessa
1.2. Sulla diffidenza nei confronti della filosofia del diritto
1.3. La filosofia del diritto come accompagnamento
1.4. Filosofia del diritto e discorso pubblico
1.5. Per una concezione democratica del diritto
1.6. La filosofia del diritto come pratica democratica
Capitolo 2
Il concetto di diritto
e la riflessione filosofica contemporanea
2.1. Premessa
2.2. La questione ontologica
2.3. La questione epistemologica
2.4. La questione del “dover-essere”
2.5. La questione dell’etica e del diritto
2.6. Conclusioni
Capitolo 3
Pensare filosoficamente al diritto
3.1. Premessa
3.2. Perché una riflessione filosofica sul diritto?
3.3. Cosa la filosofia del diritto porta al diritto?
3.4. Dove si situa la filosofia del diritto in relazione ad altre forme di
riflessione sul diritto?
3.5. Conclusioni
Parte II
Vulnerabilità e solidarietà,
cosmopolitismo e mondializzazione:
riflessioni sul soggetto di diritto
e sugli effetti della modernità cosmopolitica
Capitolo 1
Vulnerabilità, diritto e autonomia.
Saggio sul soggetto di diritto
1.1. Premessa
1.2. Del concetto di vulnerabilità
1.3. L’individuo e il soggetto di diritto
1.4. Cantieri aperti
1.5. Vulnerabilità e autonomia individuale
1.5.1. L’esigenza di autonomia individuale
1.5.2. Dell’autonomia e della vulnerabilità
1.5.3. Della vulnerabilità dell’“io”
1.5.4. Vulnerabilità relazionale
1.5.5. Umano, troppo umano
1.6. Vulnerabilità e autonomia pubblica
1.6.1. Vulnerabilità e coscienza democratica
1.6.2 L’autonomia pubblica e la minaccia dell’eteronomia
1.6.3. Coniugare autonomia pubblica e individuale
1.7. Vulnerabilità e solidarietà
1.7.1. Vulnerabilità e politica della solidarietà
1.7.2. Vulnerabilità e legislazione di solidarietà
1.7.3. Una barriera contro la violenza
1.8. Conclusioni
Capitolo 2
La solidarietà, la filosofia e il nostro presente
2.1. Premessa
2.2. Solidarietà come risorsa
2.3. Due impasses: fatto e dovere
2.4. Solidarietà e formazione individuale
2.5. Solidarietà e risorsa culturale
2.6. Solidarietà come impegno
2.7. Solidarietà e giudizio
2.8. Solidarietà e smarrimento ideologico
2.9. La solidarietà al principio dell’universalità
2.10. Solidarietà e democrazia
2.11. I nuovi movimenti sociali di solidarietà
2.12. Allargamento della democrazia
2.13. Solidarietà e consolidamento normativo
2.14. La legislazione come atto di solidarietà
2.15. Stato-Provvidenza e solidarietà
2.16. Conclusioni
Capitolo 3
Mondializzazione e diritto:
prolegomeni a una problematica
3.1. Premessa
3.2. Le diagnosi economiche delle mondializzazioni
3.3. La trasformazione economica
3.4. La trasformazione culturale
3.5. Mondializzazioni come logica economica
3.6. Modernità e mondializzazioni
3.7. Le nuove implicazioni identitarie
3.8. La questione della democrazia nelle mondializzazioni
3.9. Una nuova sfida per la modernità
3.10. La questione di diritto e le mondializzazioni
3.11. La neo-lex mercatoria
3.12. Il sistema internazionale dei diritti dell’uomo
3.13. Le mondializzazioni come arena di lotta giuridica
3.14. In via di conclusione
Capitolo 4
Cosmopolitismo contemporaneo:
a proposito di diritto, guerra e terrorismo
4.1. Premessa
4.2. Il cosmopolitismo moderno e la questione del diritto
4.3. La questione del diritto
4.4. Cosmopolitismo e processo democratico
4.5. Modernità e diritto cosmopolitico
4.6. Cosmopolitismo giuridico e democrazia planetaria
4.7. Cosmopolitismo come promozione della democrazia
4.8. Cosmopolitismo e culture della pace
4.9. Cosmopolitismo e sovranità comunicazionale
4.10. Il cosmopolitismo giuridico di fronte alla sfida identitaria
4.11. Cosmopolitismo e diritti dell’uomo
4.12. La portata cosmopolitica dei diritti dell’uomo
4.13. Diritti dell’uomo e modernità democratica
4.14. “Se vuoi la pace, prepara la pace”
Parte III
Modernità e postmodernità:
il nuovo dibattito giuridico
Capitolo 1
La nuova disputa di postmoderni e moderni
nel campo giuridico
1.1. Premessa
1.2. Sul concetto di postmodernità
1.3. Postmodernità ed estetica
1.4. Postmodernità e società
1.5. La postmodernità e il pensiero poststrutturalista
1.6. Postmodernità o modernità in diritto?
Capitolo 2
Postmodernismo, diritto e “addio alla ragione”.
Critica della concezione postmoderna del diritto
2.1. Premessa
2.2. Il paradigma postmoderno
2.3. Nietzsche e l’“altro dalla ragione”
2.4. Decostruzione
2.5. L’orizzonte apocalittico
2.6. La sovversione della norma
2.7. Postmodernità e diritto
2.8. Il diritto, la morte dell’uomo e la questione di senso
2.9. La fine del grande racconto giuridico
2.10. Narratività e letteratura giuridica
2.11. Conclusioni
Appendice
Villey e la Filosofia del diritto. Una lettura de Les Carnets
1. Premessa
2. La pubblicazione delle Riflessioni sulla filosofia e sul diritto .
3. Dal 1958 al 1961: perché il diritto naturale?
4. Dal 1961 al 1968: la “verità” e il diritto
5. 1968: la perdita dei valori dell’Essere
6. Gli anni Settanta: gloria e onore
7. Gli anni dal 1982 al 1988: pensione e desolazione
8. Per concludere con Les Carnets

Maria Novella Campagnoli é Dottore di Ricerca in Storia e Teoria del Diritto. Docente al Master in Sicurezza Informatica e investigazioni digitali presso la Facoltà di Scienze della Comunicazione dell'Università degli Studi di Teramo. Collabora da diversi anni con le cattedre di Filosofia del Diritto e di Teoria generale del Diritto del Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza dell'Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata (Prof.ssa A.C. Amato e Prof. F. D'Agostino) e con le cattedre di Filosofia del Diritto e di Informatica giuridica della Facoltà di Giurisprudenza dell'Università degli Studi di Teramo (Prof. G. Saraceni).
Membro del Comitato di Redazione della Rivista Teoria del Diritto e dello Stato diretta dal Prof. Mangiameli. Segretario della costituenda rivista del Centro Studi Giuridici Di-con-per Donne della Facoltà di Giurisprudenza dell'Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata diretto dalla Prof.ssa Amato.
Simone Gallo é Avvocato del Foro di Pescara. Membro Aiga – Sezione di Pescara.




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Llevaba tiempo soportando –mal– el peso de un conciencia culpable. Juro que he tratado de liberarme de esa carga, sin hallar hasta hoy el momento adecuado para hacerlo. A mi creciente deseo se le atravesaban premuras, fortuitas o preterintencionales. Y el interés periódico constante en mi deuda de agradecimiento con el Prof. Melkevik, amigo sobre todo, se transformaba en compuesto día tras día. El texto de la obra que arriba he reseñado me llegó antes incluso de pasar a imprenta. Quizá porque me llegó en rama, es ahora, en este tiempo estival, que me refugio con más delectación bajo su sombra. Pero, al margen de metáforas que busquen u ofrezcan alguna justificación plausible, es lo cierto que debo confesar mi demora, y a toda confesión que sea verdadero examen de conciencia, y luego del acto contrito, siga el arrepentimiento y la reparación.
Aquí va de la última, y así dar a este libro, en primer lugar, la bienvenida. Porque la reflexión cabal y el maduro pensamiento de Melkevik alcanza difusión en tierras italianas. Sea dicho no obstante que también varios de los trabajos que integran la obra viajando de Canadá a Italia atravesaron antes algunas geografías hispanoamericanas, e igualmente la española. Hace años yo mismo edité, junto a Cristina Monereo Atienza (Filosofía Jurídica y siglo XXI. Ocho panoramas temáticos, Universidad de Málaga, 2005, pp. 27-41. ISBN: 9788497470704), el texto que ahora figura como Capitolo 4 (Cosmopolitismo contemporaneo: a proposito di diritto, guerra e terrorismo), que además traduje del francés. De modo que a la bienvenida se suma algún reencuentro, y naturalmente la enhorabuena.
En cuanto a la organización interna, estos Percorsi evidencian una estructura bien armada. Se trata aquí de un obsequio valioso; pues no con la deseable frecuencia prueban todas las colectáneas la necesaria unidad de criterio en hora de seleccionar y reunir los trabajos que las integran. Melkevik ofrece un texto temáticamente cohesionado y suficiente evidencia de continuidad y resultados en las líneas de investigación que le vienen ocupando.
La Primera parte es ejemplo académico de sus quehaceres como filósofo del derecho, abordando problemas de concepto y metodología, para poner sobre ellos el acento de su personal posición. La Segunda, de su interés en binomios y/o polaridades como autonomía y solidaridad, inteligentemente coordinados a mundialización y cosmopolitismo. El modo de examinarlos es riguroso, las tesis atendibles y las conclusiones precisas y bien comunicadas. Finalmente, la parte Tercera, presentada con acierto por el A. como núcleo del nuevo debate jurídico, sitúa varios aspectos relacionados con la problematicidad de respuestas a problemas histórico-sociales que el agotamiento un modelo de construcción y discurso del Derecho superado en la contemporaneidad está originando, y más aún en vista al futuro no lejano, donde no se oculta la importancia de determinadas dimensiones éticas y políticas; pero también, con honestidad intelectual, en torno a las nuevas percepciones de los conflictos y la eventual emergencia de valores que la estética postmoderna está implantando no sin cierto adocenamiento, que a menudo elude una discusión real sobre su tendencial potencia universalizable.
Creo que los lectores en lengua italiana hallarán en esta obra la posibilidad de un acercamiento efectivo a la filosofía jurídica de Bjarne Melkevik, que será seguro propiciador de un sucesivo y creciente interés por otros de sus trabajos. Yo me felicito por ello, y sobre todo por la constante y excelente labor del buen amigo que siempre ha demostrado ser el Prof. Melkevik, catedrático de Filosofía del Derecho de la Universidad Laval (Québec. Canadá).
J.C.G.

Saturday, July 07, 2012

Summer Shakespeare


Hamlet
Serie "Paper Books".
Foto de Flavio Demarchi


XX--XX

¿Porqué no aprovechar del verano para releer a Hamlet? Yo lo haré.
J.C.G.

Friday, July 06, 2012

Género y Elocuencia bajo l’Ancien Régime



Claude La Charité et Roxanne Roy (dir.)
Femmes, rhétorique et éloquence sous l’Ancien Régime
Publications de l'Université de Saint-Etienne, (Coll. L’école du genre, nouvelles recherches n°7), Saint-Etienne, 2012, 424 pp,
ISBN:978-2-86272-608-3


Présentation éditeur
Vir bonus dicendi peritus, aurait dit Caton le Censeur: l’homme de bien est habile à la parole. Et la femme de bien ? Et les femmes, plus généralement, dans les sociétés qui leur refusent l’éducation? À première vue, personne ne semble plus étranger que les femmes d’Ancien Régime à la rhétorique, cet «art de persuader par la parole» révéré depuis l’Antiquité. Rien ne semble davantage réservé aux hommes, qui l’apprennent dans les collèges, à côté de la grammaire et de la logique, avant de le mettre en pratique dans l’enseignement supérieur, la justice, le conseil..., professions exclusivement masculines. Et pourtant, du XVIe siècle aux Lumières, nombreux sont les témoins qui insistent sur l’éloquence remarquable de leurs contemporaines.
C’est dire si cet ouvrage collectif, le premier en français à s’intéresser à une telle problématique, repose sur une gageure apparente: y aurait-il une forme d’éloquence féminine étrangère à la rhétorique? Y aurait- il une rhétorique apprise ailleurs que sur les bancs des universités?


Sommaire
REMERCIEMENTS
Claude La Charité, Introduction.
Diane Desrosiers, Femmes et rhétorique. État présent de la recherche.
I. - PÉDAGOGIE, THÉORIE ET MODÈLES RHÉTORIQUES
Tristan Vigliano, Grobianus et Grobiana: comment les femmes parlent, comment on parle aux femmes dans une contre-civilité humaniste.
Isabelle Krier, Critique sceptique de la rhétorique adressée aux dames par Montaigne.
Guy Poirier, L’Œconomie spirituelle et temporelle d’une reine de France; Louise de Lorraine, épouse d’Henri III.
Claude La Charité, Les femmes et la théorie épistolaire à la Renaissance.
Renée-Claude Breitenstein, Célébrer les femmes et parler de soi: le travail de la disposition dans trois éloges collectifs de la première moitié du XVIe siècle.
Cinthia Meli, Un bien dire à l’usage des bourgeoises: les Nouvelles Observations sur la langue françoise (1668) de Marguerite Buffet.
Myriam Dufour-Maître, Héroïnes de Corneille: des modèles rhétoriques féminins?
Jürgen Siess, Cadre normatif et différence des sexes: lettres de femmes du XVIIIe siècle.
Marc André Bernier, Ad majorem feminarum gloriam. L’Essai de rhétorique à l’usage des jeunes demoiselles (1745) de Gabriel-Henri Gaillard et la tradition jésuite.
2. - ÉLOQUENCE ET PRATIQUES ÉPISTOLAIRES
Marilyne Audet, Marguerite de Navarre épistolière et l’abolition de la subjectivité dans la lettre de confession.
Marie-Françoise Piéjus, De l’écriture privée à l’écriture publique: les recueils de lettres de femmes en Italie au XVIe siècle.
Jane Couchman, La rhétorique épistolaire chez Catherine de Bourbon (1559-1604): ethos et pathos.
Chloé Pardanaud-Landriot, De l’emphase à la plaisanterie: l’elocutio dans les lettres familières des rois et reines de France de la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle.
Eugénie Pascal, L’art du discours dans les lettres de princesses (1570-1630).
Sophie Tonolo, Rhétorique du cœur et écriture intime. L’art épistolaire d’Antoinette Deshoulières.
Nathalie Freidel, «Est-il possible, ma chère fille, que j’écrive bien?» Présence et absence de la rhétorique dans la Correspondance de Mme de Sévigné.
Catherine Cessac, La correspondance de Louise-Bénédicte de Bourbon, duchesse du Maine, et d’Antoine Houdar de La Motte (1726): la séduction du nom.
Mélinda Caron, Des lettres de la «belle dame» aux critiques de «Mme ***». Correspondance et sociabilité chez Louise d’Épinay.
Constance Cartmill, La rhétorique de la réticence, ou l’être déchiré dans les Lettres d’amour de Madame Roland (1777-1780).
3. - PRATIQUES RHÉTORIQUES, SOCIABILITÉ ET POLITIQUE
Jean-Philippe Beaulieu, De la langue pestifère à la langue diserte: détraction et autodéfense chez Hélisenne de Crenne.
Margarete Zimmermann, Écho(s) de la guerre et de la paix dans L’Album de poésies de Catherine de Clermont, maréchale de Retz.
Marie-Ange Croft, Marie de Romieu, de la controverse à la «suasoire».
Gilbert Schrenck, Rhétorique de l’affliction: Catherine de Bourbon, Agrippa d’Aubigné et la Conférence de Nancy (1600).
Michèle Bretz, Une rhétorique de combat: la mère Angélique de Saint-Jean d’Andilly ou la défense des valeurs augustiniennes.
Roxanne Roy, Il était une fois la colère... Topique de la colère d’après les contes de Mme d’Aulnoy.
Stephanie Bung, Topiques de la voix. Conversation vs éloquence dans les salons de l’Ancien Régime.
Éliane Viennot, En parler ou pas? La loi salique dans les discours politiques féminins au XVIIe siècle
Madeleine van Strien-Chardonneau, Politique et rhétorique. Les Observations et conjectures politiques (1787-1788) d’Isabelle de Charrière.
NOTICES SUR LES CONTRIBUTEURS ET LES CONTRIBUTRICES
RÉSUMÉS DES ARTICLES
BIBLIOGRAPHIE
INDEX DES NOMS PROPRES

Thursday, July 05, 2012

Curso Internacional de Posgrado "ESTUDIOS ORIENTALES Y AMÉRICA LATINA: LITERATURA E HISTORIA CULTURAL DEL ORIENTALISMO HISPANOAMERICANO











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Una buena amiga como Rosa Núñez Pacheco, de la Universidad Nacional San Agustín (Arequipa. Perú), me envía información sobre este interesante Curso de Posgrado organizado por la Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades de aquella Universidad, que con mucho gusto colaboro a difundir desde las páginas virtales de este blog. ¡Enhorabuena por la iniciativa!


Wednesday, July 04, 2012

Don Quijote de verano




Don Paper Quixote
Serie "Paper Books".
Foto de Flavio Demarchi



XX--XX
¿Por qué no aprovechar del verano para releer alguna de las aventuras de Don Quijote? Yo lo haré.
J.C.G.