Alexander Laban Hinton (ed.)
Transitional Justice: Global Mechanisms and Local Realities after Genocide and Mass Violence (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights)
Rutgers University Press, 2010, 288 pp.
How do societies come to terms with the aftermath of genocide and mass violence, and how might the international community contribute to this process? Recently, transitional justice mechanisms such as tribunals and truth commissions have emerged as a favored means of redress. Transitional Justice, the first edited collection in anthropology focused directly on this issue, argues that, however well-intentioned, transitional justice needs to more deeply grapple with the complexities of global and transnational involvements and the local on-the-ground realities with which they intersect.
Contributors consider what justice means and how it is negotiated in different localities where transitional justice efforts are underway after genocide and mass atrocity. They address a variety of mechanisms, among them, a memorial site in Bali, truth commissions in Argentina and Chile, First Nations treaty negotiations in Canada, violent youth groups in northern Nigeria, the murder of young women in post-conflict Guatemala, and the gacaca courts in Rwanda.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Toward an Anthropology of Transitional Justice/ Alexander Laban Hinton
PART ONE Transitional Frictions
Identifying Srebrenica's Missing: The "Shaky Balance" of Universalism and Particularism/ Sarah Wagner
The Failure of International Justice in East Timor and Indonesia/ Elizabethe Drexier
Body of Evidence: Feminicide, Local Justice, and Rule of Law in "Peacetime" Guatemala/ Victoria Sanford & Mariha Lincoln
PART TWO Justice in the Vernacular
(In)Justice: Truth, Reconciliation, and Revenge in Rwanda's Gacaca/ Jennie E. Burnet
Remembering Genocide: Hypocrisy and the Violence of Local/Global "Justice" in Northern Nigeria/ Conerly Casey
Genocide, Affirmative Repair, and the British Columbia Treaty Process/ Andrew Woolford
Local Justice and Legal Rights among the San and Bakgalagadi of the Central Kalahari, Botswana/ Robert K. Hitchcock & Wayne A. Babchuk
PART THREE Voice, Truth, and Narrative
Testimonies, Truths, and Transitions of Justice in Argentina and Chile/ Antonius C.G.M. Robben
Judging the "Crime of Crimes": Continuity and Improvisation at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda/ Nigel Eltringham
Building a Monument: Intimate Politics of "Reconciliation" in Post-1965 Bali/ Leslie Dwyer
Afterword: The Consequences of Transitional Justice in Particular Contexts/ Roger Duthie
ALEXANDER LABAN HINTON is the director of the Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights and an associate professor of anthropology and global affairs at Rutgers University, Newark. He is the author of the award-winning Why Did They Kill? Cambodia in the Shadow of Genocide